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Author (up) Hemmerle, A.; Fragneto, G.; Daillant, J.; Charitat, T. openurl 
  Title Reduction in Tension and Stiffening of Lipid Membranes in an Electric Field Revealed by X-Ray Scattering Type Journal Article
  Year 2016 Publication Physical Review Letters Abbreviated Journal Phys. Rev. Lett.  
  Volume 116 Issue 22 Pages 5 pp  
  Abstract The effect of ac electric fields on the elasticity of supported lipid bilayers is investigated at the microscopic level using grazing incidence synchrotron x-ray scattering. A strong decrease in the membrane tension up to 1 mN/m and a dramatic increase of its effective rigidity up to 300 k(B)T are observed for local electric potentials seen by the membrane less than or similar to 1 V. The experimental results are analyzed using detailed electrokinetic modeling and nonlinear Poisson-Boltzmann theory. Based on a modeling of the electromagnetic stress, which provides an accurate description of the bilayer separation versus pressure curves, we show that the decrease in tension results from the amplification of charge fluctuations on the membrane surface whereas the increase in bending rigidity results from the direct interaction between charges in the electric double layer. These effects eventually lead to a destabilization of the bilayer and vesicle formation. Similar effects are expected at the tens of nanometers length scale in cell membranes with lower tension, and could explain a number of electrically driven processes.  
  Address [Hemmerle, Arnaud; Charitat, Thierry] Univ Strasbourg, Inst Charles Sadron, UPR CNRS 22, 23 Rue Loess,BP 84047, F-67034 Strasbourg 2, France, Email:  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Amer Physical Soc Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0031-9007 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes WOS:000377018100017 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ benzerara @ Serial 14037  
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